Varicocele is more rampant now than ever before. It has now become a common problem in male reproductive medicine. Statistically, up to 35% of men with primary infertility are identified with this disease.

In this article, we will be discussing every thing you need to know about Varicocele. This will include;

  1. What exactly varicocele is,
  2. Common and hidden causes of varicocele
  3. Signs and symptoms of varicocele that you must be aware of
  4. Varicocele grades and what they mean
  5. How varicocele can affect your fertility as a man
  6. Does surgery offer a lasting solution to varicocele?
  7. The best treatment for varicocele without going under the knife
  8. Coping mechanisms for men living with varicocele
  9. And many more…

What is Varicocele?


Varicocele, also known as varicose veins is the enlargement of the vein in the scrotum which occurs as a result of a vein abnormality. The scrotum is a sac that houses the testicles and it contains veins and arteries that carry blood to and fro the male reproductive organs.

Varicocele affects a vein known as the pampiniform plexus.

Pampiniform plexus is found in the spermatic cord. This cord also holds the vas deferens (the tube that carries sperm) and the testicular artery(which transports blood to the testicles).

Usually, only one side of the testicles is affected by varicocele and in most cases, it affects the left testicle.

In summary, varicoceles happen when pampiniform plexus vein in the scrotum becomes enlarged. This is due to a malfunction in some of the valves involved in pumping blood to and from the male reproductive organs (penis, scrotum and the testicles)

What are the Causes of Varicocele?

causes of varicocele

The cause of varicocele is still unknown. However, reproductive health researchers have come to the conclusion that varicocele is caused by a defective valve in the vein.

These valves regulate the flow of blood in and out of the testicles. The vein enlarges when there is an abnormal flow of blood.

This mechanism occurs mostly during puberty when the testicles are experiencing rapid growth and are drawing in a lot of blood. It also occur mostly when adult men use libido and sex-enhancing drugs that work by abnormally increasing blood flow to the male reproductive organs.

The abnormal circulation of blood results in a higher blood temperature, thereby raising the temperature of the testicles and damaging sperm cells.

It is a very common case as it affects about 15% of adult males and 20% of adolescent males.

Scrotal varicose vein affect males differently.

For some, it does not come with a symptom. For some other people, it causes only infertility or affect the movement and shape of the sperm. While for others, it might come with severe pain and male infertility complication.

This is why men that usually take all sort of drugs for sexual strength need to be very careful. The mechanism of action of most of the drugs used to maintain erection is exactly by increasing blood flow to the penis in such a way that your natural body system does not have control over.

A better option for your in maintaining strong erection in a natural manner is by using natural substances. Click here to see the one we recommend for getting and sustaining long-lasting erection that help you enjoy with your partner.

How Do Varicose Veins Develop?

How does varicocele develop?

Varicoceles develop as a result of three failed mechanism.

One is due to the structure of the vein. A situation where the vein on the left side connects to the larger out-flowing vein at a right angle.

Another is the valve that is supposed to prevent a back-flow failed to do so.

While the third one maybe due to excessive pressure on the arteries.

Signs That You Have Varicocele

Varicoceles often produce no symptoms. However, the vein can continue to grow larger and when a scrotal varicose vein reaches a certain size, you may begin to experience symptoms.

Signs of varicocele

Certain signs and symptoms you can experience with Varicocele include;

  • Swelling of the scrotum
  • Visible large vein around the scrotum, described as ‘a bag of worms’
  • A lump in one of the testicles
  • Pain and a feel of heaviness in the scrotum

How does Varicose Veins Affect your Fertility as a Man?

how does varicocele affect male fertility

Sperm is most efficient at a temperature of about 34.5 degrees Celsius, unlike the body standard temperature of 37 degrees Celsius. It will be good for you to know that this is one of the reasons why the testes are physically separated from the trunk of the body.

The function of the pampiniform plexus is to cool the arterial blood before it reaches the sperm. It does this through a heat exchange mechanism.

The presence of a scrotal varicose vein (varicocele) can disrupt this cooling system. Thereby, preventing the testicles from producing good quality sperm or damaging sperm cells. Which then leads to infertility.

What Predisposes a Man to Varicocele

What Predisposes a Man to Varicocele

There are three main factors that can put you at risk of developing a varicose vein in your scrotum, they include:

  • Obesity
  • Tobacco smoking
  • Mutation in the gene i.e. an alteration in the genetic material of the affected area.

How Do You Know You Have Varicocele

Diagnosis of Varicocele
Ultrasound of varicocele

Varicocele can be diagnosed via;

Physical Examination: Varicoceles can be checked while you are standing. You may be asked to take a deep breath, hold it, and bear down while your doctor feels the scrotum above the testicle. This technique is known as the “Valsalva maneuver.” It lets your doctor find any enlarged veins.

Scrotal Ultrasound Test: Ultrasound makes use of sound waves to give a clearer picture of the veins in the scrotum. Signs of varicoceles on ultrasound are veins that are wider than 3 millimeters with blood flowing the wrong way during the Valsalva maneuver.

The ultrasound can also show the size of the testicles. However, an ultrasound is not needed if the disorder are not felt during physical examination.

Varicocele Grades

Varicocele grades

Varicocele is classified into four grades based on the size of the enlarged vein.

They include;

  • The Grade 0:  Seen on ultrasound, but not physically detectable also called subclinical scrotal varicose vein.
  • Grade 1:  Palpable and felt on physical examination when the patient is performing the valsalva maneuver (bearing down).
  • Grade II: Palpable even without valsalva.
  • And finally, Grade III: scrotal varicose vein causing visible deformity of the scrotum.

Treatment Options for Varicocele

Treatment of Varicocele

Often time, varicocele does not come with any symptoms or even need treatment.

However, you need to seek help from a professional immediately you start to feel pain, have testicular atrophy or you are having male infertility challenges.

Pain killers are recommended to help subdue the pain varicose vein disorder causes.

Risks of Varicocele Surgery

One of the most popular options for getting rid of varicocele is to carry out surgery. Varicocelectomy is the surgical procedure for removing swollen (varicose) veins from the scrotum. In the hospital, this is the only option available.

However, Varicocelectomy has been reported to have complications, some of which are;

  • Bleeding into the tissue,
  • Hydrocele (accumulation of fluid in the affected testicle),
  • Infection
  • Injury to the scrotal tissue.
  • Abdominal pain
  • Varicocele likely reoccuring
  • A renal vein thrombosis
  • And many more

Sometimes even, the surgery ends up not helping the patient at the end of the day.

See some typical examples below from some of our subscribers;

  1. No improvement after carrying out both varicocele and hydrocele surgery
Varicocele surgery complain

2. Sperm count went down from 4million to ZERO after carrying our varicocele surgery

From 4million sperm count to 0 after Varicocele Surgery

Click here to see the most effective varicocele treatment we recommend with no adverse effect.

The Best Solution for Varicocele

The Best Solution for Varicocele

Due to the fact that surgical procedures for scrotal varicose vein have been found to have an adverse effects on your reproductive health, and there is even a high percentage of the disorder reoccurring after surgery, you will benefit from a better option.

On that note, we are happy to introduce to you, the most effective solution for varicocele. One that has helped hundreds of men overcome varicocele naturally without surgery and with no adverse effect.

Click here to check out the remedy that helps to overcome varicocele without surgery.

See some great feedbacks and testimonies below from past users;

  1. From 0 sperm count to 83.4 million sperm count
Azoospermia treatment testimony in Nigeria by Plan B Wellness

2. Bilateral varicocele reduced to just mild singular after the first round of using the remedy

Varicocele testimony plan b wellness
Varicocele testimony plan b wellness

Click here to check out the remedy that helps to overcome varicocele without surgery.

Living with Varicocele

Living with Varicocele

Are you living with varicocele?

Varicocele can sometimes be harmless to you. However, due to the fact that it affects the testicular temperature and it may cause male infertility issues, altered hormone levels as well as scrotal pain, it is something you need to pay a serious attention to.

Also, men who have scrotal varicose vein usually have a low sperm count, reduced sperm motility (sperm activity), and abnormal sperm. This is Because varicocele disrupts spermatogenesis (sperm creation).

If you need any assistance regarding varicocele or any other male infertility challenges, do not hesitate to contact us.

For any question regarding this write-up, kindly use the comment box below.

Plan b wellness contact address

Whatsapp: +2348099666658, +2348099666648

SMS/Call only: +2348099666650

Plan B Wellness Nigeria Limited


  1. […] Varicocele: this is an enlargement of the vein in the testicles caused by an abnormal flow of blood in the vein. Varicocele usually affects the left testicle, thereby causing the shrinkage of the testicle. […]

  2. […] Inability to Produce Sperm: The three major causes are hormonal problems, testicular failure, and varicocele. […]

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